Golf Medicine

The Golf Medicine concept aims to characterize the player holistically, taking into account their biopsychosocial aspects as well as technical skills, covering Professional to Amateur levels.

Golf players are spread across all age ranges, but are mostly in the older age brackets, likely due to the fact that the older/retired population has more leisure time to pursue activities. Golf is a low impact sport with anaerobic component. This makes making it the perfect recommendation for medical practitioners that want their patients to exercise.

Golf careers can span over 50 years, with an exten- sive variety of player profiles, with similar swing patterns.

During a Golf Career, diverse “Golf-related injuries” and “Age-re- lated injuries” occur. We aim to manage them with the best solu- tion tailored to the individual, by improving technical skills, per- formance training or the most up to date medical treatment.

Prevention, Rehabilitation and Injuries Treatment
Golf Performance
Innovative Diagnosis Techniques
Special Conditions for Partnerships and Health Insurance Companies

Golf Biomechanics

Golf has components of an overhead sport 50% of the energy used in the swing is transferred from the lower body. Flexibility and strenght are the keys to injury prevention.

Most Common Causes of Injury

– Overuse
– Single event
– Physical Limitations
– Missed Swing
– Modern vs. Classic Swing

Profissional’s Incidence 

– Hand: 37 %
– Low Back : 24 %
– Shoulder : 10 %
– Elbow : 7 %
– Knee: 7 %

Amateur’s Incidence 

– Hand: 35 %
– Low Back : 35 %
– Shoulder : 12 %
– Elbow : 33 %
– Knee: 9 %


Medical appointment with GFI – Golf Medicine TPI certified doctor with clinic evaluation, and physical examination. The rehabilitation/performance programme and/or treatment options will be planned according to golfer´s needs and goals.

20 Functional tests
– 10 Mobility & Stability
– 10 Strenght & Coordination
Physical Limitations
– Functional Deficits
– Lost of Joint Mobility

Cardiovascular risk assessment is always available with Global Health Management service

Imagiologic evaluation has impact on diagnosis and treatment of sports injuries.
– X-ray
– High resolution ultrasound
– CT
– Arthro-CT
– Arthro-MRI


– Oral medication (nociceptive and neuropathic pain)
– Physical therapy
– Funtional training
– Posturology
– Minimally invasive techniques
– Ultrasound and Fluoroscopy guided injection ( Platelet Rich Plama – PRP, Hialuronic Acid)
– Mesotherapy
– Dry Needling
– Orthopaedic Surgery
– Sports Psychology

– Therapeutic Exercise
– Joint Mobility
– Functional Training
– Strenght Training
– Isoinercial Training

Injury Prevention Program (including pre-competion)

Treatment of sports trauma and overuse injuries through arthroscopic, mini-invasive and classical approach.

Common Injuries

Back Injuries

1. Disc Herniation
2. Facet Joint Arthropathy
3. Muscle Spasm
– Most common site of Golf Injuries
– Lumbar Spine has poor rotation capacity
– Follow-through (most stressful phase)


1. Sub-Acromial Impingment
2. Rotator Cuff Tear
3. Acromioclavicular Osteoarthritis
– Top of backswing, end of follow-through (most stressful phase)


1. Lateral Epicondylitis (most common)
2. Medial Epicondylitis
3. Miofascial Syndrome
– Overuse
– Gripping club too tightly

Know more about the functional packages

More Details

GFI Medicine, personalized management of your health