The Sports Medicine deals with all aspects related to any aspect of the athlete's health, be it professional, amateur or recreational. It is also the area of medicine that is in charge of the clinical exercise prescription of the study - that is, targeted exercises and assayed for treating or ameliorating certain pathology. Thus, areas as diverse as the global health assessment, injury prevention, performance training and treating injuries are part of the Sports Medicine performance spectrum.
Sports injuries can have a traumatic or overload nature. Ligament injuries, commonly known as sprains are the most common injury in all athletes, and the ankle the most affected joint. Apart from these, all kinds of athletes are susceptible to fractures, dislocations and instabilities and enthesopathies, tendinopathy, and stress fractures.
The Orthopaedic Surgeon is particularly sensitive to the diagnosis and treatment of these lesions. Competitive athletes, the physical and professional requirement, have indication for surgery more often. It is therefore important to apply efforts to decrease the complications and development of techniques for early recovery and without limitations.
Minimally invasive surgery, using arthroscopic or percutaneous techniques, when that can be applied, have a lower aggression to the tissues, allowing a recovery in less time and a faster progression in rehabilitation. Currently, there are many techniques available, allowing the resolution of large parts of the situations, implying a differentiation by anatomical areas.
In the sports condition, the Orthopaedic surgeon is confronted with several diseases of the musculoskeletal system, which limit the mobility and sports performance, regardless of the level practiced. It is important to know the specifics of each mode to establish the best treatment plan as well as the prescription of exercise and its intensity, so as to provide the improvement of specific complaints of some diseases.